The plant in al-Khafji, near the Saudi border with Kuwait, will be the world’s largest of its kind, Alsuwaiyel said in Yanbu, Saudi Arabia. The plant will produce 30,000 cubic meters of water for 100,000 people living in al-Khafji, according to KACST.
Abu Dhabi’s Environment Agency is also testing a new solar energy desalination system that is much more environmentally friendly, as well as less costly. The process is said to be a “zero-carbon process which helps reduce cost of water treatment, especially in desert areas where dust and high temperatures impair the efficiency of solar panels used in the existing desalination system.”
Desalination is now the major provider of fresh water in the UAE, and is still so costly that Abu Dhabi and other UAE locations are seriously looking into waste water recycling and treatment as a means to reduce the reliance on desalination to provide their fresh water needs.